What causes a Diaper Rash ?
It is rightly said that “A baby is God's opinion that the world should go on”. From the day it completes the “Womb to arms” journey, your little bundle of joy fills your days and nights with cute smiles and giggles, sometimes even turning your life upside down with its mewling and puking. All the happiness and experiences that parenthood brings in, come bundled with its share of challenges.
New-borns do not possess a strong immune system, so they tend to be more prone to infections. One such concern that alarms parents and annoys new-borns is DIAPER RASH. It’s a common form of inflamed skin (dermatitis) that appears as patches of bright red skin on your baby's bottom. Statistics reveal that nearly 50 to 60% of babies below two years of age and who isn’t potty trained yet, suffer from Diaper rash at some point over time. While it isn't something to be alarmed about, Diaper rashes can often be a real pain in the, you know where…
Read on to learn in detail about some of the causes of Diaper rash in infants –
IRRITATION FROM EXCRETED MATTER
Foremost reason for rashes to occur is the prolonged and increased exposure to urine and faeces, which can irritate a baby's sensitive skin. During teething as well, babies tend to develop watery stools that often lead to a diaper rash.
CHAFING OR RUBBING
A tight and snug fitting diaper that rubs against your baby’s skin could often lead to rashes. Diaper rash develops more often when the baby starts to crawl. While on the move, wet diapers tend to rub against the skin even more and often lead to chafing and rashes.
RASH FROM FOOD
As the baby starts to grow and with the introduction of solid foods, the frequency of stools increases. Acidic foods like citrus fruits or juices also alter the pH level of urine, often leading to diaper rash.
IRRITATION FROM A NEW PRODUCT
Your baby’s sensitive skin can often react to a new brand of disposable diapers, baby wipes, soaps, lotions, oils, powders, or even to any detergent or fabric softener used to wash cloth diapers.
BACTERIAL OR YEAST (FUNGAL) INFECTION
The area covered by a diaper (thighs, buttocks, and genitals) is generally warm and moist, making it a perfect breeding ground for bacterial and fungal infections.
Heat rash is most common in tropical areas and develops in hot and humid weather. The rash is primarily caused by the blocking of pores leading to the sweat glands. The sweat is held within the folds of skin near the inner thigh region and buttock area that has come in contact with the diaper, often forming little red bumps or occasionally small blisters.
RASH FROM ANTIBIOTICS
If your baby has been put on antibiotics by the doctor due to an illness, the chances are that he/she will develop a diaper rash shortly. Antibiotics are meant to kill bacteria but often end up killing both kinds, the good as well as the bad bacteria. Breast-fed babies are also at increased risk of diaper rash if their mothers take antibiotics for some ailment.
NOT CHANGING NAPPIES
Diapers get soiled every 3 to 4 hours, so it is of utmost importance to have diapers changed at regular intervals. The acidic nature of waste that the baby's body throws out in the form of urine or feces, provides the perfect environment for bacteria and yeast to thrive. These act as irritants for your baby’s delicate skin.
Diaper rash is a very common issue, and can happen to any baby. There are treatments, but the best thing is PREVENTION.
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